Easy Tips For Developing A Dazzling Smile (3)

Easy Tips For Developing A Dazzling Smile

You want a good smile, and you deserve it. Don’t compromise with dull, stained teeth. There are many methods out there today that can help you reach your goal of a beautiful smile and white teeth. Read this article to find out more about the many ways that you can whiten your teeth.

Whiter teeth can be yours if you avoid using any mouthwashes. Mouthwashes contain several ingredients, including alcohol and food coloring, that can stain your teeth brown. They can also dry your mouth, and a moist mouth does a better job of keeping plaque off of teeth. Try rinsing with plain water instead.

Do not drink water that has fluoride added to it. Fluoride has been identified as one of the things that can cause your teeth to turn yellow. Simply staying away from this chemical will lead to a whiter smile, and it may also benefit your health. Some countries will not allow fluoride in drinking water because it has been linked to a variety of diseases.

Use the right shade of lipstick and lip gloss to brighten your teeth. If your teeth are yellowing or off white, go with nudes and pinks with blue undertones. If you have graying teeth, a cool tone with a brown base will do the trick in making your teeth pop.

Many people think fluoride is necessary for dental care, but when it comes to having white teeth, it is quite the opposite. Fluoride can actually stain and discolor your teeth. Try to avoid using toothpaste and other dental products that contain fluoride and avoid drinking water with fluoride.

Many people give up coffee and move to tea in an attempt to have whiter teeth. While this has not been proven to actually whiten teeth it will certainly help to prevent further discoloring. This is because coffee is one of the worst things you can do to the color of your teeth.

Don’t be discouraged if the color of your teeth does not turn out exactly as you would like. You can always do a second round of treatment and it generally takes quite some time before you will start to see realistic results no matter the type of regimen or products that you use.

Cut back on beverages that are known to have a staining effect on your teeth. Red wine and coffee are some of the worse known culprits of putting stains on your pearly whites. If you cannot avoid them all together try drinking them thorough a straw. The liquid will have less contact with your teeth.

Use an orange peel to help you whiten your teeth. Take the inside of the peel and rub it on your teeth. Alternatively, you can use dried orange peel to make a paste; combine it with bay leaves and coat it on your teeth. Wash your mouth out after you have allowed the paste or the peel to sit on your teeth for a few minutes.

As was said earlier, you deserve a beautiful smile. However, all the methods available for teeth whitening can be confusing. This article has given you some good advice on how to help you get that smile that you deserve. Follow the advice, and before long you will be enjoying a picture perfect smile.

There are Many Factors that Contribute to Bad Breath and Smoking Cigarette is One of Them

There are Many Factors that Contribute to Bad Breath and Smoking Cigarette is One of Them

Summary: Bacteria in your mouth are responsible for your bad breath and smoking cigars also contributes by leaving nicotine on your teeth, tongue, and gums.

We have experienced bad breath from time to time. Most people do, especially to people with poor oral and dental hygiene. Even if you brush your teeth and use mouthwash before bedtime, you can still have bad breath. But, what is really the cause of bad breath? Bad breath is commonly due to the bacteria that live and breed beneath the surface of your tongue, throat, and tonsils. Certain foods like raw onions and garlic that can also cause bad breath, although these are not the only known bad breath causes. But one thing I’m sure for smokers, they know that bad breath and smoking come hand in hand.

For smokers, they are well aware of the bad effects that smoking brings. But, they find it hard to stop this bad habit because cigarette is addictive-very addictive. I know because I have a lot of friends who do smoke. But, no matter how addictive smoking is, if you have the will to stop, you can stop. There are many cases of smokers who bravely and successfully stopped smoking and you can, too! If you value your health, quitting is the wisest thing you can do.

Most smokers know what smoking can do them. It can give you bad breath and smoking in the long run can give you lung cancer- worst case is you can die. But, this knowledge is ignored. Yes, it is a sad truth. Before we go to the dying part (because all the smokers know about that already), let us find out what smoking can do to you now.

Cigarette smoking can build up nicotine on your teeth, tongue, and gums and can have a drying effect to your mouth. Decreased moisture in your mouth limits the washing effect of saliva on oral bacteria and their waste products. Our saliva acts as nature’s mouthwash. Therefore, the more you stimulate saliva production, the greater your chances of having bad breath. Once you have dental and periodontal problems, this is going to lead to bad breath and smoking contributes a lot to these damages. Eventually, the damages in your teeth, tongue, and gums can lead to early teeth loss and cancer to tongue, lips and gums (and doctors know what other complications).

If you have bad breath and smoking is responsible for it, you need to double your effort to immaculately clean your teeth and tongue. The more you practice proper oral and dental hygiene, the greater your chances of minimizing bad breath that smoking bring. But, you can’t discount the fact that there are bigger problems with which smoking can result to and that includes your health- even your life.

Crucial Tips For Getting And Keeping White Teeth

Crucial Tips For Getting And Keeping White Teeth

If you have yellow teeth and would like to learn how to whiten them, but you don’t know where to begin, then this article is for you. It contains several useful tips and tricks that not only will answer your question, but ensure great results with little time and effort.

Your eating habits are a big key to maintaining a white smile. Processed food and fast food contain chemicals and preservatives that can leave staining residues on your teeth. Try to incorporate fresh raw vegetables and fruits and eat salads which contain beneficial vitamins and minerals that help promote stronger, healthier teeth.

Chewing gum can actually whiten teeth. It’s true! Gum acts as a mild abrasive and also promotes saliva production, both of which help to clean teeth. But it is important to use a gum that does not contain sugar. Malitol is a sugar alcohol found in many gums, and it almost tastes just like sugar, and it will not rot your teeth.

In order to achieve pearly white teeth it is important to stay away from tobacco. Aside from the health side effects of smoking tobacco, another side effect that it does is that it makes your teeth turn yellow. This effect does not happen instantly and it only shows after long term tobacco use.

Avoid foods and drinks that are dark in color. Most of the time if food and drinks are dark colored they will stain your teeth. Drinks like coffee, pop and red wines can stain your teeth. If you must drink them be sure to brush your teeth shortly afterwards.

If you want to make your teeth white, it is important to know how to properly brush your teeth. Scrubbing too hard and brushing too fast can wear away the enamel of your teeth. Instead, go in slower, circular motions and make sure you are spending enough time on each teeth.

Teeth whitening strategies used greatly depends on the specific situation to each person’s mouth. For example, if a person has veneers, then it is possible to scratch some of the materials from the surface. Therefore, sometimes it is necessary to consult a dental professional in order to proceed.

If you want whiter teeth, avoid drinking coffee. Coffee drinkers often stain their teeth a deep yellow color. Removing these stains can be very difficult, costly, and time consuming. Keeping your teeth white in the first place is the surest way to guarantee a sparkling smile for years to come.

An important, though very unpopular, tip to whiten your teeth is to cut down on, or even stop, the drinking of sodas, coffees and teas. Yes, they are some of the most popular beverages in the world, but they are also some of the biggest culprits when it comes to stains on teeth! And for those that are wondering, iced tea is still tea and just as guilty when it comes to teeth discoloration.

You’ll be amazed at how having white teeth can boost your self-confidence. It will make you more attractive, more socially-engaged, and free you from having to be embarrassed about your smile. Apply the tips in this article to achieve great results from teeth-whitening, and rediscover how to enjoy life with a smile you can be proud of.

Awesome Ways To Achieve A More Confident Smile (2)

Awesome Ways To Achieve A More Confident Smile

These days more and more people want to have white teeth; and why not? With high definition cameras and the popularity of social networking, you are exposed more than ever. This article will provide some sensible information about teeth whitening. There is a lot that you can do to make a difference.

If you are in need of a whiter, brighter smile, then you try rubbing wood ash on your teeth! Amazingly, wood ash contains content that will help to bleach your teeth. Additionally, wood ash is coarse to it helps to scrap off excess plaque on the surface of your teeth.

Coffee is notorious for causing stains on teeth. Whenever drinking coffee, be sure to rinse your mouth out with water afterwards to prevent the coffee from settling on the surface of teeth. If you can, avoid drinking coffee all together. Avoid drinking cola and wine, as they also have the same effect as coffee.

If you want whiter teeth, drink lots of water. Water rinses your mouth of harmful bacteria. It also helps to remove stubborn foods that can cause staining. Try to rinse your mouth at least two or three times a day, and drink at least eight glasses of water.

If you are having a hard time trying to get the smile that you have always wanted, then may be you should try getting your teeth laser whitened. While this may seem crazy, using a laser to whiten to your teeth has been shown to clean your teeth and keep them looking bright.

Avoid drinking coffee, tea, cola, and wine unless you are drinking water with them or immediately afterward. These dark liquids have been shown to permanently stain and discolor teeth. Rinsing your mouth with water afterward can reduce these effects, as can brushing your teeth after your morning coffee, as it removes the staining chemicals from your mouth.

Floss your teeth. You should floss thoroughly at least twice a day. Flossing removes food and helps to fight the build-up of plaque. Most people do not bother to floss at all. Neglecting to do so can damage your teeth. To keep them looking their best, remember to floss.

An easy way to keep teeth whitened is to brush after consuming something that tends to stain teeth. Common culprits are coffee, sodas, wines, teas, berries, and sweets. If you brush immediately after consuming these items, you prevent the stain from setting into your teeth. This will help you to keep your teeth white without having to resort to expensive treatments.

Quit smoking if you want whiter teeth. Smoking destroys the enamel on your teeth. What is left behind is brown or yellow teeth. Even if you pay for an expensive dental whitening, your smile won’t gleam for long if you smoke. Quit smoking for your health, but also for your appearance. You’ll be happy that you did.

In conclusion, you want to look your best at all times and having yellow stained teeth has a major negative effect on your appearance. Take the time to try out this outstanding advice on how to keep your teeth looking great. You can achieve remarkable results.

Bad Breath in Dogs

Bad Breath in Dogs

Summary: Causes of bad breath in dogs can be traced not only to the dental and gum disease but also to kidney and liver disease.

Do you have animals, especially dogs? I, as dog lover, make sure to own a dog ever since when I was a kid. Even my whole family loves dog and we treat our favorite pet member of the family. When I got married, I left my dog with my parents and since my husband knows that dogs are my favorite pets, he got me one a few weeks before our weeding. Isn’t that sweet?

As a responsible dog owner, I always make it a point to feed and clean my dog. But, it’s not enough. There’s more to feeding, bathing, and walking your dogs. For those who also love and own dogs (like me), it is important for you to know why dogs have bad breath and what causes bad breath in dogs.

Tooth and gum problems are the most common medical condition of cats and dogs because bad breath in dogs and other pets usually accompanied with other health problems. Even if bad breath in your pets does not bother you or you don’t find it offensive, it is still best to treat the problem.

Tartar build up surrounding the teeth of your dog is the most common cause of bad breath. Just like in our case, if small food particles left in between our teeth, these food particles will decay resulting to become a friendly environment for oral bacteria to grow. And when they grow, they become plaque. Plaque and other oral infections are responsible for the bad breath in dogs. In addition, plaque sticks to the base of teeth causing inflammation and receding of gums. Eventually these gum problems contribute to the foul smell of your dog’s breath.

Have you notice your puppies that puppies have different breath odor? I won’t say it’s stinky or offensive, but it’s just that it smells puppy breath. This is because young puppies that is in the process of shedding their baby teeth usually salivate and bad breath. Brushing your puppies’ mouth with water mixed with baking soda gives them relief and minimizes bad breath. In older pets, liver and kidney diseases usually affect the mouth; therefore, bad breath can possibly be traced through organ failure. Kidney and liver disease can lead to dental disease and dental disease can lead to liver and kidney diseases. You can immediately identify if your dog has dental problems for they usually drool.

Bad breath in dogs is treatable. You just have to be observant to the health conditions of your pets. Here are several helpful tips in the treatment of bad breath in dogs:

o Yearly general and dental check up helps you monitor the condition of your dog, including bad breath.
o To slow down the formation of plaque build up, feed your pet with a name brand commercial pet food. These crunchy food helps massage gums and gradually removes tartar
o Feed your dog with chewy treats, bones, and the like for they help minimize dental plaque.
o Brushing your pet’s teeth is the best thing you can do to keep their teeth and gums healthy.
o Use mouthwash and sprays containing enzymes that dissolve plaque and help reduce bacteria. These are available in veterinary hospitals and pet shops.

Bad breath in dogs should not be taken for granted for this may lead to another serious problem. If you notice your dog’s breath has an offensive smell, bring them to your veterinarian to determine the cause of their bad breath. After all, our dog deserves the best treatment we can give to them as part of the family.

Keys To Fighting Plaque And Tartar Formation

Keys To Fighting Plaque And Tartar Formation

Two of the most important oral hygiene issues that need to be addressed and pain enough attention are plaque and tartar. Most dental patients usually confuse plaque and tartar and their relationship with each other. It is important to be informed and know what sets these two issues apart to be able to tailor dental hygiene and habits to aid in the prevention and control of the occurrence of these two.
Plaque. Fighting plaque is a life-long process where oral health is concerned. Plaque forms in the surface of the tooth and may collect on teeth or areas where the tooth meets the gums. It is a sticky, colorless deposit of bacteria due to the combination of saliva, food and other fluids. Plaque builds up traps stains in the teeth. These deposits may lead to the development of cavities that weaken teeth and may become a primary factor in the occurrence of gum diseases. Plaque stars to form 4 to 12 hours after brushing the teeth. This explains why it is highly recommended to brush the teeth at least twice a day. Regular tooth brushing, however, may not be enough. It is also necessary to floss daily to ensure the cleanliness of oral areas which are hard to reach through brushing.
Tartar. Another term for tartar is calculus. It is a crusty deposit that traps stain in the teeth and causes discoloration of the tooth. Calcium and phosphate are minerals that bind to form crystals in the teeth. When these minerals are hardened within a plaque, tartar is formed. Tartar is known to create strong bonds, making it removable almost only with professional help. It is important to remove tartar as soon as observed because tartar can also make removing plaque bacteria harder, creating more complicated oral problems. Pyrophosphates aid in the prevention of tartar formation. It decreases calculus build-up by inhibiting the growth of crystals on the surface of the tooth. It is important to consider the fact that plaque and tartar vary effect on different people. People may have different susceptibility depending on factors such as age. Plaque and tartar build up faster as people grow older. It is, therefore, important to watch and monitor dental/oral hygiene more closely as one grows older.
There are various ways of eliminating plaque and tartar build ups in order to prevent further damage that they can cause to one’s teeth. Visit the dentist and have your teeth cleaned professionally at twice a year, or as often as the dentist recommends you to.
Choose and brush with a toothpaste that has pyrophosphates. Pyrophosphates are observed to stick to the surface of the teeth and aid in the control of crystal formation.
Another effective choice of toothpaste is one that contains hexametaphosphate. It is a form of pyrophosphate that does not only inhibit tartar formation, but also loosens the bonds formed by extrinsic stains. Choose a toothpaste with hexametaphosphate are also powerful whitening agents that serve as protective barrier to help prevent the occurrence of possible future teeth stains due to plaque and tartar.
Plaque and tartar formations can’t always be helped as we indulge in food, drinks, and activities that we need and enjoy. The important thing to remember at all times is to practice proper and regular care, which includes avoiding or taking in moderation certain food and beverages that can greatly affect dental health. The dentist’s words and advices are also very valuable in keeping a healthy mouth. See to it that appointments to the dentist’s office are made at least once every 6 months. Sometimes, a little time and effort is all we need to be able to live a happy and healthy life.

Top Tips For Effectively Whitening Your Teeth

Top Tips For Effectively Whitening Your Teeth

It is very important for us to have teeth. Teeth let us eat many great foods and they provide us with an aesthetically pleasing visual when we smile. Our teeth will eventually lose their whiteness due to food and drink that we consume. Use the advice in this article to whiten your teeth.

Make a toothpaste using water, baking soda and salt. Baking soda and salt are natural abrasives that can leave your teeth white after brushing with them. Mix enough baking soda and salt with water to make a paste and then brush your teeth. You should brush your teeth gently to avoid irritation.

When using over-the-counter teeth whitening products it is important to read and follow the directions very carefully. Don’t leave the strips or gel on longer than the instructions dictate, as this could lead to sores and problems in your mouth. Avoid drinking or eating acidic foods or beverages for a couple of hours after treatment.

Brush and floss at least a twice a day. This will help to prevent a buildup of plaque, which can discolor your teeth. It is also a good idea to carry floss with you, that way you can floss anytime after you eat. Paying special attention to your teeth will help to prevent staining.

Chew parsley leaves. Parsley leaves are known to make your teeth sparkle and help clean them. Chewing the leaves for a few minutes every day will give you teeth whitening results. You can do this a few times a day or once a day. Doing this can also help prevent bad breath.

If you are using any type of home made remedies to whiten your teeth, you need to use extreme caution. Some people use lemons or baking soda, and this actually will end up causing more damage. It is better to buy an over the counter kit that will whiten your teeth.

Your eating habits are a big key to maintaining a white smile. Processed food and fast food contain chemicals and preservatives that can leave staining residues on your teeth. Try to incorporate fresh raw vegetables and fruits and eat salads which contain beneficial vitamins and minerals that help promote stronger, healthier teeth.

If you wish to have a brighter smile, you should brush your teeth with baking soda at least three times a week. The baking soda will eliminate plaque from your teeth and slowly whiten the color of your teeth as well. Using baking soda is a cheap, at home remedy for having a brighter, whiter smile!

Prevention of staining is one way to keep your teeth whiter. Some of the things you drink can cause discoloration of your teeth. Coffee, tea, wine and soda are all notorious for causing stains on teeth. If you will sip them or drink them through a straw this will help them to not make as much contact with your teeth. Also, when you are done with your drink, rinse your mouth with water.

As stated before, it is important to have teeth. Our teeth are useful, as they let us eat and they give us an aesthetically pleasing smile. Due to the food and drink that we consume, our teeth will naturally lose their whiteness. If you use the advice from the article above, you can bring back the whiteness of your teeth.

E Cosmetic Dentistry 101

E Cosmetic Dentistry 101

The objective of cosmetic dentistry, which is elective dental work, is to improve the appearance of the teeth and to enhance one’s smile. Cosmetic dentistry does not contribute to the health of the teeth.
The art and science of dentistry has made advances such that one need not remain resigned to stained or chipped teeth. There are several cosmetic techniques available that allow one to correct dental anomalies that can impair appearance. These include:
Bleaching
The process of bleaching or tooth whitening helps to brighten teeth that become dark with age or get stained due to smoking, tea/coffee drinking, etc. Bleaching removes extrinsic as well as intrinsic stains. The process, which can be carried out once every three years, is carried out largely by using hydrogen peroxide solution. Bleaching can whiten teeth by up to 5 times the original shade. A bleaching tooth tray that carries the peroxide solution can cost between $ 200 – $ 500.
Bonding
The appearance of teeth that have spaces in between or are cracked and chipped can be improved by the bonding process in which a hard, sterile, and inert tooth-colored plastic is affixed to the teeth. The manner in which bonding is done affects the shape, size, and appearance of teeth. The composite fillings wear more quickly than the traditional silver fillings and patients are usually advised to refrain from hard foods that may result in the chipping of the bonding material. The bonding process takes 10-15 minutes for a tooth and can cost around $ 300 to $ 700 for a tooth. The bonded restoration stains similar to natural teeth.
Porcelain Veneers
These are extremely thin shells used to cover the front side of the teeth. Porcelain veneers are more resistant to stains and chipping as compared to bonding. They are bonded to the teeth using a special bonding material and can be used to alter the appearance of teeth, provide fullness to the upper lips, and fill gaps between teeth. Porcelain veneers enable a more consistent appearance as compared to bonding, they do not stain and a veneer treatment can last for up to 15 years. Veneer application on a single tooth can cost up to $ 2,000. As compared to the application of crowns or caps, teeth are ground to a lesser extent during veneer treatment.
Orthodontics and periodontics
Orthodontics deals with the prevention and treatment of dental and facial irregularities. Braces are used in orthodontics for the treatment of crooked teeth, protruding teeth, widely spaced teeth, an underbite, etc. Metal braces made from titanium are expensive and need to be worn for 2-3 years. Non-invasive straightening braces cost less and require to be worn for a lesser period of time. Lingual braces are placed behind the teeth and are ideal for those who lay emphasis on cosmetic appeal. Periodontics helps individuals to enhance their smile by altering the contours of the gums, it is a simple surgical process accomplished using laser and can cost up to $ 2,000.
Porcelain Crowns
Porcelain crowns are used for broken teeth, teeth with silver filling or those with excessive decay, and also teeth that have undergone root canal treatment. Crowns can be matched to tooth color.

Cosmetic Dentistry 101

Cosmetic Dentistry 101

The objective of cosmetic dentistry, which is elective dental work, is to improve the appearance of the teeth and to enhance one’s smile. Cosmetic dentistry does not contribute to the health of the teeth.

The art and science of dentistry has made advances such that one need not remain resigned to stained or chipped teeth. There are several cosmetic techniques available that allow one to correct dental anomalies that can impair appearance. These include:

Bleaching

The process of bleaching or tooth whitening helps to brighten teeth that become dark with age or get stained due to smoking, tea/coffee drinking, etc. Bleaching removes extrinsic as well as intrinsic stains. The process, which can be carried out once every three years, is carried out largely by using hydrogen peroxide solution. Bleaching can whiten teeth by up to 5 times the original shade. A bleaching tooth tray that carries the peroxide solution can cost between $ 200 – $ 500.

Bonding

The appearance of teeth that have spaces in between or are cracked and chipped can be improved by the bonding process in which a hard, sterile, and inert tooth-colored plastic is affixed to the teeth. The manner in which bonding is done affects the shape, size, and appearance of teeth. The composite fillings wear more quickly than the traditional silver fillings and patients are usually advised to refrain from hard foods that may result in the chipping of the bonding material. The bonding process takes 10-15 minutes for a tooth and can cost around $ 300 to $ 700 for a tooth. The bonded restoration stains similar to natural teeth.

Porcelain Veneers

These are extremely thin shells used to cover the front side of the teeth. Porcelain veneers are more resistant to stains and chipping as compared to bonding. They are bonded to the teeth using a special bonding material and can be used to alter the appearance of teeth, provide fullness to the upper lips, and fill gaps between teeth. Porcelain veneers enable a more consistent appearance as compared to bonding, they do not stain and a veneer treatment can last for up to 15 years. Veneer application on a single tooth can cost up to $ 2,000. As compared to the application of crowns or caps, teeth are ground to a lesser extent during veneer treatment.

Orthodontics and periodontics

Orthodontics deals with the prevention and treatment of dental and facial irregularities. Braces are used in orthodontics for the treatment of crooked teeth, protruding teeth, widely spaced teeth, an underbite, etc. Metal braces made from titanium are expensive and need to be worn for 2-3 years. Non-invasive straightening braces cost less and require to be worn for a lesser period of time. Lingual braces are placed behind the teeth and are ideal for those who lay emphasis on cosmetic appeal. Periodontics helps individuals to enhance their smile by altering the contours of the gums, it is a simple surgical process accomplished using laser and can cost up to $ 2,000.

Porcelain Crowns

Porcelain crowns are used for broken teeth, teeth with silver filling or those with excessive decay, and also teeth that have undergone root canal treatment. Crowns can be matched to tooth color.

6 Common Cosmetic Dental Procedures Explained

6 Common Cosmetic Dental Procedures Explained

Cosmetic dentistry helps many people get a confident smile, and also corrects many dental anomalies. Six of the most common cosmetic dental procedures are:

1. Dental bonding: This is carried out to fill gaps in the teeth and cover stains and chips. The process involves the application of a composite resin material to the tooth. The material, which is available in several shades, is sculpted to cover the desired area. It is then dried using a high-intensity light or a chemical. The process does not cause any discomfort to the patient except when a minor tooth roughening is done. Dental bonding does not require more than one visit to the dentist and is relatively inexpensive as compared to other dental restoration techniques.

2. Tooth contouring and reshaping: This quick, inexpensive, and non-invasive procedure is used to fix dental issues such as overlaps, shallow pits and grooves in the enamel, worn edges, and chipped teeth. The dentist uses a polishing instrument for the removal of a tiny amount of enamel and the tooth is reformed. The enamel removal procedure is carried out only after dentists confirm through x-rays that the teeth requiring reshaping are strong enough to withstand some enamel loss. The process is completed with the smoothing and polishing of the edges of the newly contoured tooth. The process usually requires a follow-up visit after the first visit.

3. Mouth guards and night guards: These are plastic appliances that offer protection to the mouth during sports and also while sleeping. Mouth guards disperse shock caused by violent contact and thus protect the head and neck. They are prepared using a cast of the teeth. The mouth guards can be stock, mouth-formed, or custom-made. Night guards prevent bruxing between teeth during sleep. They are ideal for people with worn teeth, those who suffer aches in the jaws, and people with teeth that are sensitive to cold.

4. Halitosis or bad breath: The breakdown of food particles by the bacteria present under plaque, in the crevices on the tongue, and between teeth leads to the generation of volatile sulfur compounds (VSC) that cause bad breath. Periodontal disease is also a cause of halitosis. Dentists determine the amount of VSC being generated by using a halimeter. Treatment usually involves following a prescribed oral hygiene routine that may include the use of irrigators, artificial saliva, tongue scrapers, etc.

5. Tooth whitening: This treatment is useful for removing stains that appear due to the consumption to tea, coffee, cigarettes, and wine. Whitening is carried out using bleaching gel, which is usually hydrogen or carbamide peroxide. The gel breaks down releasing oxygen molecules that penetrate the enamel and dentin and disintegrate the stains. The time required for results to appear depends upon the source of the stain and varies from a few hours to a few weeks.

6. Crowns and bridges: Teeth that need repair after an accident or excessive decay can be treated by using a crown, which is an artificial replacement for the upper portion of the tooth. A bridge involves placing an alternate tooth that is held in place using two crowns that are bonded on adjacent teeth.